Tuesday, June 08, 2010

FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

The following are the forms of government:
  1. As to the number of persons exercising sovereign powers:
    • Monarchy - the supreme authority is in the hands of a one person only; how he got into power or how long his tenure would be does not matter 
      • Absolute monarchy - the power of the monarch is based on divine right
      • Limited monarchy - the power of the monarch is based on the constitution
    • Aristocracy - the ruling power is in the hands of a few privileged class
    • Democracy - the power is in the hands of the people
      • Direct or pure democracy - the power is directly exercised by the people through assembly or mass meeting.
      • Indirect, representative or republican - the power is exercised by a group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representatives
  2. As to extent of powers exercised by the central or national government:
    • Unitary government - the control of national and local affairs is under the central or national government
    • Federal government - the powers of the government are divided between two sets of organs, one for national and the other for local affairs, each organ being supreme within its own sphere
  3. As to relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of the government:
    • Parliamentary government - the executive is dependent on the legislative
    • Presidential government - the executive is constitutionally vested with powers making it independent from legislative department
  4. Other forms:
    • Civil government - the affairs of the state are administered and directed by the citizens or their representatives
    • Military government - established and administered by a  belligerent in the territory of an enemy occupied by him
    • Constitutional government - the powers of those who rule are defined and limited by the constitution
    • Despotic government -  the powers of those who rule are vague and may seem limitless because it is not defined nor limited by the constitution
    • Elective government - the state confers powers upon a person or organization chosen by qualified voters and the holding of powers is for a limited term and under certain conditions
    • Hereditary government - the state confers the powers of government upon a person or organization standing in a certain family relations to his or their immediate predecessors
    • Coordinate government -  the powers of the government is distributed among separate departments equally independent of but coordinate with each other
    • Consolidated government - the state confides all governmental powers to a single body
    • De jure government - established according to the constitution of the state and has the general support of the people
    • De facto government - established against existing constitution of the state and is maintained against the rightful and lawful government
    • Revolutionary government - installed, whether by force or otherwise, not in accordance with the procedure prescribed in an existing constitution
The Philippines is a representative, unitary, presidential  civil, constitutional, elective, coordinate, and de jure government. In a way, it also exercises direct or pure democracy because of the constitutional provision on initiative and referendum.

8 comments:

  1. http://universalfreepress.com/no-obama-it-is-not-a-democracy-why-america-was-founded-as-and-must-remain-a-republic/#

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  2. This written piece gives fastidious understanding yet.
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