Friday, July 30, 2010


The President with his pardoning power may grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons and remit fines and forfeitures, after conviction by final judgment. The President may also grant amnesty with the concurrence of a majority of all the Members of the Congress.

A pardon is an act of grace which exempts the individual on whom it is bestowed from the punishment which the law inflicts for the crime he has committed.
A parole is when a prisoner is released from imprisonment but his liberty is not fully restored because the parolee is still considered in the custody of the law although he is not in confinement.
A commutation is a reduction or mitigation of the penalty, e.g., when the death sentence is reduced to life imprisonment.
A reprieve is merely a postponement of a sentence to a date certain, or a stay of execution. It may be ordered to enable the government to secure additional evidence to ascertain the guilt of the convict or, in the case of the execution of the death sentence upon a pregrant woman, to prevent the killing of her unborn child.
An amnesty is an act of grace given with the concurrence of Congress. It is usually extended to groups of persons who committed political offenses and it abolishes the offense itself.

Kinds of Pardon
Pardon may be classified into
  1. absolute or conditional; and
  2. plenary or partial.
An absolute pardon is one given without any conditions attached. Whereas, a conditional pardon is one under which the convict is required to comply with certain requirements. In conditional pardon, the offender has the right to reject the pardon if he feels that the conditions imposed are more onerous than the penalty sought to be remitted. On the other hand, in case of absolute pardon, it is complied even without the acceptance of the pardonee.

A plenary pardon extinguishes all the penalties imposed upon the offender, including accessory disabilities, whereas a partial pardon does not.

  1. It cannot be granted in cases of impeachment.
  2. It cannot be granted in cases of violations of election laws without the favorable recommendation of the Commission on Elections.
  3. It can be granted only after conviction of final judgment.
  4. It cannot be granted in cases of legislative contempt or civil contempt.
  5. It cannot absolve the convict of civil liability.
  6. It cannot restore public offices forfeited.


  1. Kasalukuyang Kalihim ng Department of Health ng bansa, mahilig mag-travel inside and outside of the country kaya napapabayaan ang kanyang departamento! Isa kang CORRUPT! Pera ng bayan ginagamit mong pamasahe at panggastos para mag around the WORLD! Basahin sa mga link sa baba!
    #DOHLeaks #UBIALeaks

  2. Hindi naman pala itutuloy pero minadali kunayre, para makuha na ang kumisyon sa supplier! Perang maliwanag na nga naman agad! Mahusay ka! Galawang #condomqueen talaga! Nahiya ang mga Hokage sayo!




    Paulyn Ubial